Maurice DOURYANG1, FaustinATEMKENG TSATEDEM2,Paolo CAPODAGLIO3
1Tor Vergata University, Italy ; 2University of Dschang ; 3Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, (Verbania),Piancavallo, Italy
CaHReF 2018, Yaoundé Congres hall, 08 – 11 January 2019 , OAU060
Background: Obesity changes the body's geometry, influencing the biomechanics, causing dizziness, affects negatively balance as well as falls. The aim of this study was to test whether the Cawthorne-Cooksey exercises could lead to a balance change of control and the subjective perception of dizziness among adult obese people.
Objectif: Evaluate the efficacy of Cawthorne-Cooksey exercises among adult obese patients with dizzines and unsteadiness.
Methodology: This was an experimental study of clinical trial type. Exhaustively, the data was collected from adult obese inpatients with a datasheet of Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), the Mini BesTest (MBT) and Equitest (EQ) from June to August 2016 at the Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Piancavallo (Italy). DHI, MBT and EQ has been used to evaluate the dizziness and unsteadiness to the first day and we did the same test after the sessions of Cathorne-Cooksey exercises, only from Monday to Friday during the study period. Data were analyzed using Epi Info 3.5.3 software and Excel.
Results: 10 inpatients with 55 years of mean age and 41.24 kg/m2 of mean BMI have been recruited. We obtained a mean decrease dizziness from 37 ± 12.99 to 14 ± 12.57 score of DHI test, an improvement in dynamic balance with means ranging from 22 ± 26 to ± 7.91 11.92 score of MBT and EQ show a decrease in the frequency of the postural balance from 90% to 60%. Comparing these averages using a statistical test gives significant differences with P-values less than 0.05 for DHI and MBT, and a p-value equal to 0.01 for the EQ.
Conclusion/Recommandation: Cawthorne-Cooksey exercises improves dizziness and unsteadiness in adult obese people. However, investigations in different settings will further help to appreciate the efficacy of such technique. Furthermore, prevalence of dizziness and unsteadiness induced by the obesity need to be conducted.
Key Words: Rehabilitation, Cathorne-Cooksey exercices, obesity, dizziness, unsteadiness.