Phélix Bruno TELEFO1*
1University of Dschang, Cameroon
CaHReF 2018, Yaoundé Congres hall, 08 – 11 January 2019 , OSME046
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) during pregnancy is a major risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. They increase in pregnant women, the risk of maternal-fetal complications.
Objectif: This work was undertaken to analyze different aspects of metabolic syndrome in pregnant women monitored at the Dschang District Hospital.
Methodology: A survey questionnaire assessing dietary habits and lifestyle was distributed to 390 pregnant women, of whom 203 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. These selected participants were proceeded for the measurement of anthropometric data (weight, height), blood pressure as well as blood level of glucose, Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and C-reactive protein.
Results: The result analysis indicates that the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the study population is 7.39%. Pregnant women with metabolic syndrome had impaired lipid profile [elevated triglycerides (p = 0.04), decreased HDL (p = 0.03)], and elevated blood glucose (p = 0.006), compared with the group without metabolic syndrome. A significant link between risk of MetS occurrence and regular consumption of rice (<0.001), foods rich in carbohydrate and fat (<0.001), confectionery (<0.001), irregular intake of breakfast (<0.005), and a low frequency of of fresh fruit consumption (<0.001) were noticed. Contrarily frequent consumption of sweet potato (<0.001), yams (<0.001), beans
Conclusion/Recommandation: Overall, it appears from this work that the metabolic syndrome is truly present in the study population, even though its prevalence is relatively low. Its prevalence is influenced by certain eating habits and physical activity.
Key Words: Pregnancy, Metabolic syndrome, Excessive weight gain