Anaemia remains a major problem in Cameroon and in Banyo particularly because of its frequency. The main research question: what are the risk factors of anaemia in pregnant women in the BDH?
Objective: The main objective was to determine the risk factors of anaemia in pregnant women in the BHD.
Methodology: 297 pregnant women received in the health facilities for ANC were interviewed from September to November 2013. We conducted a cross sectional research using the quantitative descriptive and analytical methodology. Sociodemographic, economic, nutritional/sanitary, clinical characteristics informations where collected and also their knowledge on anaemia. These women benefited from a free Hb level testing. Data analysis was do neusing SPSS 18.
From the results, the prevalence of anaemia is 52, 5%. 63% of anaemic are from polygamous couples and 55,7% don’t always wash their hands with soap before meals. It is evident that anaemia in the women is highly influenced by factors directly linked: non in-take of fruits (OR=0,282 with p=0,011), the habit of eating kalaba chalk (OR =1,970, P=0,049), the age of pregnancy with (OR= 0,469, P=0,021), the non supplementation of iron (OR= 9,519, P=0,014) and having less knowledge on anaemia (OR= 0,414, P=0,012); With a significant degree of 0,05.
These results evidence the need of global action to resolve public health related problems. Consequently, it will be important to act on these principal characteristics in order of contribution. It means to start with a preventive strategy by reinforcing sensitization, education and a systematical supplementation of iron tablets.